According to Donatists, apostasy would permanently disqualify a man from church leadership. The validity of sacraments administered by priests and bishops who had been traditores was denied by the Donatists. According to Augustine, a sacrament was from God and ex opere operato (Latin for "from the work carried out”).
- How did the Catholic Church respond to Donatism?
- Who were the Donatists and what did they believe that the Catholic Church did not?
- What factors gave rise to Donatism?
- What is the meaning of Donatism?
- Who supported Donatism?
- What church council dealt with Donatism?
- What was the Arian controversy about?
- What is the jansenist heresy?
- What was the Pelagian controversy about?
- What did Marcionism teach?
- What led to the collapse of church in North Africa?
- How did Christianity spread in North Africa?
- Who started monophysitism?
- What is the Arian faith?
- What did Arius teach?
How did the Catholic Church respond to Donatism?
They were the first Christian movement to oppose the union of church and state and they challenged mainstream Christianity to come to grips with the issue of whether it was going to be "holy" or "universal." In responding to the challenge of Donatism, the Catholic Church firmly established the principle that the Church ...
Who were the Donatists and what did they believe that the Catholic Church did not?
Donatism was a heretical sect of early Christianity, founded by Donatus Magnus, which believed that sanctity was a requisite for church membership and administration of sacraments. Donatists lived primarily in Roman Africa and reached their largest numbers in the 4th and 5th centuries.
What factors gave rise to Donatism?
It began with a dispute over the reconciliation of the traditores, or clerics and bishops who had handed over the sacred books to the imperial officials during the diocletian persecution (303–305).
What is the meaning of Donatism?
Definition of Donatism
: the doctrines of a Christian sect arising in North Africa in 311 and holding that sanctity is essential for the administration of sacraments and church membership.
Who supported Donatism?
Donatism was further supported by Gildo, brother of Firmus and comes Africae (387–397).
What church council dealt with Donatism?
Council of Arles, (314 CE), the first representative meeting of Christian bishops in the Western Roman Empire. It was convened at Arles in southern Gaul in August 314 by Emperor Constantine I, primarily to deal with the problem of the Donatists, a schismatic Christian group in North Africa.
What was the Arian controversy about?
The Arian controversy was a series of Christian disputes about the nature of Christ that began with a dispute between Arius and Athanasius of Alexandria, two Christian theologians from Alexandria, Egypt. ... Ironically, his effort were the cause of the deep divisions created by the disputes after Nicaea.
What is the jansenist heresy?
The heresy of Jansenism, as stated by subsequent Roman Catholic doctrine, lay in denying the role of free will in the acceptance and use of grace. Jansenism asserts that God's role in the infusion of grace cannot be resisted and does not require human assent.
What was the Pelagian controversy about?
Pelagianism, also called Pelagian heresy, a 5th-century Christian heresy taught by Pelagius and his followers that stressed the essential goodness of human nature and the freedom of the human will.
What did Marcionism teach?
Marcion preached that the benevolent God of the Gospel who sent Jesus Christ into the world as the savior was the true Supreme Being, different and opposed to the malevolent Demiurge or creator god, identified with the Hebrew God of the Old Testament.
What led to the collapse of church in North Africa?
Between the fifth and seventh centuries the distinctively collegial and episcopal structure of North Africa was weakened by perse- cution during the Vandal occupation and then was attacked by two con- verging factors: from the East, by changes in relationships between the African bishops and civil power of the ...
How did Christianity spread in North Africa?
Christianity first arrived in North Africa, in the 1st or early 2nd century AD. ... Once in North Africa, Christianity spread slowly West from Alexandria and East to Ethiopia. Through North Africa, Christianity was embraced as the religion of dissent against the expanding Roman Empire.
Who started monophysitism?
Cyril of Alexandria were labeled monophysite. The label also was attached to various theologians and groups, although some who were called monophysite, notably Severus of Antioch (died 538), repudiated the terminology of Chalcedon as self-contradictory.
What is the Arian faith?
Arianism, in Christianity, the Christological (concerning the doctrine of Christ) position that Jesus, as the Son of God, was created by God.
What did Arius teach?
Arius taught that Jesus Christ was divine/holy and was sent to earth for the salvation of mankind but that Jesus Christ was not equal to God the Father (infinite, primordial origin) in rank and that God the Father and the Son of God were not equal to the Holy Spirit.